German is both a complex and simple language, whose level of difficulty of which depends on how you decide to learn it. However, when you start learning German as a beginner, you don’t always know how to proceed, where to go, in short, what to do from the beginning!
Me: When I arrived in Germany, I also didn’t know what I could and should do. I went to school in the morning and then I went home. But to tell the truth, I was rather lost because I felt empty. When I came home, I wondered if there was anything else I could do to fill the emptiness. I would have liked to know what I know today, so that I would not only gain time or money, but also confidence.
So I’m going to show you here what you can do when you’re just beginning!
Many people will tell you to start with the basics. What did they mean by that? And where exactly should you start? Those are the questions that you ask yourself at that point. In my experience, I would say there’s an order you can follow. To find out, go back in time and analyze your educational background. Ask yourself how you started learning English from the very beginning. Do you remember it? You know what I’m talking about, right? I’m talking about the alphabet.
No matter what language you are learning, try to memorize the alphabet of that language first. By this I mean the pronunciation ( because German also uses letters like English ), the exact handwriting and the differences. Don’t neglect this point by starting straight away with more complex things. Follow the process and grow with it. And of course who says alphabet, says numbers.
It would be more reasonable to learn the numbers directly with the letters. For a start, counting to ten would be nice. Then up to 100 and so on. The good thing about numbers is that from 20 onwards, the same numbers from 1 to 9 are combined, except that in German the order is reversed. It’s a bit like in English with twenty-one ( ein und zwanzig ), twenty-two ( zwei und zwanzig ), etc… The rest is just a continuation. The “und” in the middle represents the “–” in English. Then comes the conjugation.
You already know the first two verbs that I would say fundamental and that you should learn first. The verb to be and the verb to have. Knowing the conjugation of these two verbs already opens a big door because they make up most sentences and in many forms. It should be simple enough for you to memorize them and advantageous to recite them. Once you’ve done that, you’ll be able to tackle the verbs that you think are part of the common verbs. How do I know this? It’s easy to find out. You know the verbs in your mother tongue that are almost always in the middle of everyday conversations. Well here it’s the same thing.
Tip: Write down one or two verbs every night and put them in a place where you can see them. Take a look at them from time to time during the day. The next evening, put them away and look for another one or two. At the end of the month or after two weeks, take them all out and see if you still remember them. Do this for as long as you can and your verb base will be excellent very quickly. You can also use this technique to remember common words.
Good to know: Learn a verb and its compound form because in German the compound form of a verb is used more than the past form. After this, you can start with the vocabulary
With conjugation and vocabulary you will already be able to express yourself and understand a lot of things. This will be very encouraging and rewarding for you. Don’t venture into complex vocabulary right from the start. The most important thing would be to focus first on simple, everyday words that are necessary for everyday life.
Advice: The vocabulary is very large. Learn effectively and efficiently. What I am implying is to put a priority focus on the terms that will be most useful to you according to your situation. Let me explain! If you want to become a student, focus on study terms, if you want to become a cook, focus on cooking terms, if you want to work in a specific field, focus more on the terms of that field. The rest you can complete later. Don’t go stuffing your brain with gardening terms if you want to study medicine. It’s called effective learning.
Grammar can therefore be part of your concerns, once you have made the points mentioned above. For me, it is the most complex because of its multiple rules. It is better to speak with grammatical mistakes than to not be able to speak at all because of a lack of vocabulary.
Advice: For a start, pay more attention to the structure of the sentences. German has a totally different structure than English, with verbs sometimes at the end of sentences, sometimes at the beginning and depending on the type of sentence (interrogative, affirmative, negative and imperative). So it would be good to know these differences.
Finally, I have one last tip for you: Reading the basic sentences by themselves instead of words alone would also be a good, if not a very good alternative. Because you will learn the words in one shot, notice the endings, see the conjugation and understand the context and sometimes even learn new words by intuition. However, it goes without saying that you should have a minimum of vocabulary so that you don’t have to spend hours learning new words. The best thing is to choose the sentences in relation to your current level and increase in difficulty as you go along.
Don’t let yourself be intimidated. All this is learned relatively faster than you might think. Follow each step from the very beginning and you will soon see that you have the basics. Don’t give up!