Gender of nouns in German.

In this article, we will look at the gender of  nouns that make up the German language. 

Compared to englisch, which has only two, German has three. But hey, don’t panic, you get used to it. However, the prerequisite here is to know the articles. The three existing genders are masculine ( der), feminine (die) and neutral (das).

Let’s start!

1. The masculine gender.

Here, it is used for different cases such as:

Male persons or functions

♦ der Mann, der Minister, der Präsident

♦ Days (der Montag, der Dienstag, der Mittwoch, der Donnerstag, der Freitag, der Samstag, der Sonntag)

♦ Month (der Januar, der Februar, der März, der April, der May, der Juni, der Juli, der August, der September, der October, der November, der Dezember)

♦ Season ( der Sommer, der Herbst, der Winter, der Frühling)

The words ending with “Ling, ig and ich

♠ Der Frühling, der König, der Teppich.

The weather forecast

♠ Der regen, der Schnee, der Hagel, der Schauer

Names derived from verbs

♣ Der Lauf ( laufen), Der Sitz ( sitzen)

2. The feminine gender.

Its use is necessary when it comes to:

Female persons or functions

♦ Die Frau ( but we say “das Mädchen”), die Ministerin, Anwältin

Names ending with “Ung, schaft, ion, heit, keit, tät, ik”

♠ Die Führung, die Mannschaft, die Diskussion, die Gleichheit, die Verfügbarkeit, die Identität und die Musik.

Substantive figures

♣ Die eins, die zwei, die drei, …..

Some female functions end with an IN. All you have to do is take this name in the masculine and add an IN in the feminine.

3. The neutral gender.

These names refer to:

The letters

♦ Das A, das B, das C,…..

Names ending with “lein, chen, um, ment and ma”

♥ Das Instrument, das Studium, das Mädchen, das Fraulein, das Thema

Substantive infinite verbs

Verbs that at the infinitive are used as nouns.

♣ Das Schlafen, das Essen, das Lernen, etc….

Names formed from English words ending with “ing”

♠ Das Training

Names resulting from adjectives

◊ Das Ganze, das Neue.

Important: There are compound names in German called Composita. In this type of word, in order to find the corresponding article, you just have to take into account the article of the second because this one is the final element

Example: Das Flugzeug = der Flug + das Zeug

{Zeug} being the final element, hence the article Das.

Tips: You don’t have to remember everything at once. Take your time. One after the other. Rushing leads only to mistakes and forgetting.

As for the seasons, days, months and meteo bah simply put them in the male. The numbers in female, the letters in neutral and then for the rest make a detailed list with each ending.

Believe me, it’s much easier than it looks.


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